Day 1 :
Indiana University, USA
Keynote: New views of fusion in the sun using studies of the charge symmetric reactions T(T,4He)2n and 3He(3He,4He)2p at laser fusion facilities
Time : 09:00-09:30
Andrew Bacher has completed his PhD from the California Institute of Technology and NSF-sponsored Post-Doctoral studies at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. He is a Professor of Physics (emeritus) at Indiana University. He has published more than 300 papers in refereed journals and has served on program committees at the Los Alamos Meson Facility, the MIT-Bates Electron Scattering Facility and the TRIUMF Meson Facility in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
We have studied the charge symmetric reactions T+T and 3He+3He by making measurements at the laser facilities OMEGA at the University of Rochester (NY) and at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL). We have also made measurements of the 3He+3He Reaction at the Tandem Van-de-Graff Nuclear Accelerator Laboratory at CalTech. At the laser facilities we have made new, state-of-the-art measurements of the neutron time-of-flight over a wide neutron energy range. We have also made the first measurements of protons from the 3He+3He reaction using a tagged-recoil magnetic spectrometer. The measurements at the two laser facilities correspond to center-of mass energies close to those in the center of our Sun. At CalTech the energies covered the range between 2 MeV and 12 MeV. Over this energy range the shapes of the observed proton spectra are entirely different from the corresponding spectra (for both neutrons and protons) at solar energies. We will show how the spectra at both facilities can be understood using new theoretical models recently developed by groups at Ohio University (Athens, Ohio) and Los Alamos National Lab (Los Alamos, New Mexico).
Kazan Federal University, Russia
Keynote: Solitons’ dynamics in regions with sharp gradients of basic parameters of propagation medium
Time : 09:30-10:00
Vasily Yu Belashov has completed his PhD in Radiophysics and DSci in Physics and Mathematics. His main fields include theory and numerical simulation of the dynamics of multi-dimensional nonlinear waves, solitons and vortex structures in plasmas and other dispersive media. Presently, he is Chief Scientist at the Kazan Federal University. He was Coordinator of studies on the International Program “Solar Terminator” (1987-1992) and took part in Programs WITS/WAGS and STEP. He is author of 288 publications including 6 monographs.
We consider the problem of dynamics the multidimensional solitons which are described by the generalized Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (GKP) equation in complex continuous media with the varying in time and/or space dispersive parameters. This problem is very interesting from the point of view of its evident applications in physics of the real complex media with the dispersion. For example, such situation takes place at propagation of the 2D gravity-capillary waves on surface of "shallow" water when β and γ are defined as and respectively and ρ is the density, σ is the coefficient of surface tension of fluid and is the depth. In this case β and γ also become the functions of the coordinates and time. Similar situation takes place at evolution of the 3D FMS waves in a plasma in case of the inhomogeneous and/or non-stationary plasma and magnetic field when β and γ are the functions of the Alfvén velocity vА=f[B(t,r),n(t,r)] and the angle , namely , . Next interesting example is the dynamics of 2D solitons of the internal gravity waves (IGW) generated at heights of the F region of ionosphere by moving fronts of the solar terminator and solar eclipse (SE). In this case dispersive parameters β and γ are functions of the ionospheric parameters such as electron density, temperature, scale heights for the ions and neutral particles etc. which have sharp gradients in these regions. Here, the problem of study of multidimensional solitons dynamics with was solved in general and for above-mentioned applications. Fig. 1 shows the examples of numerical results for 2D solitons on shallow water with bottom in form of varying in space and time “step” and for 2D IGW soliton at heights of the ionosphere F region for such source as SE spot. The interpretation of results obtained is given in detail.